Key Documents & Presentations
|Mexico: INDC 2020-2030||English||June 2015|
|Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP)||English||March 2013|
|Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Urban NAMA)||English||March 2013|
|Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Transport NAMA)||English||March 2013|
|Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Regfrigeration NAMA)||English||March 2013|
|Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) Presentation||English||March 2013|
Mexico uses a carbon tax on fossil fuels to price CO2 emissions. Photo credit: Kurt Carnemark/World Bank
The PMR will support Mexico to:
- Design an MRV framework and an institutional arrangement for three crediting NAMAs: SEMARNAT has been analyzing a MRV system for NAMAs, inventories, LEDS and financial support. The Federal Government of Mexico envisions a MRV system as a framework which ensures that all projects and programs, like those for emissions inventories and reductions, mitigation actions and REDD+, satisfy clear standards. The Inter-ministerial Commission on Climate Change (CICC) has taken the lead in this effort through pioneer activities such as the external evaluation of the PECC.
- Develop a NAMA tracking tool to record transactions and emissions reductions—key for the prevention of double counting and to ensure transparent accountability: A registry system and tracking tool in Mexico will provide updated information about the voluntary GHG mitigation projects included or to be included in the different schemes in which Mexico may participate, such as VCS, CAR, CDM, bilateral schemes, NAMA and a new market mechanism under the UNFCCC, etc.
Carbon Pricing Experience
In 2014, Mexico introduced a carbon tax applied to the use of fossil fuels. The purpose of the tax is to price Co2 emissions and to promote cleaner fuel use. CDM credits can be used to offset the tax burden. The initial price of the tax is $3.5/tCO2e. Natural gas is exempt from the tax.
Crediting and Offsetting
Mexico envisions new market mechanisms, like crediting NAMAs, that will widen the scale of activities and participants, address entire sectors of the economy and allow the development of a series of co-benefits like the development of required national capacities.
Mexico prioritized three sectors in introduce crediting NAMAs: integrated urban mobility, domestic refrigerators, and urban NAMA. Mexico aims to maximize the potential mitigation through the optimization of existing conventional public transport systems in urban centers of the Urban Transport Transformation Program (UTTP) and the Federal Mass Transit Program (PROTRAM). The domestic refrigeration technology currently sold in Mexico is based on Hydro fluorocarbons refrigerants (HFC), with the predominant use of R134a (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane). This refrigerant has a significantly high Global Warming Potential (GWP=1300 units) and therefore its phase-out will contribute to climate change mitigation. Mexico envisions that the deployment of sustainable urban communities will help achieve credited GHG emissions reductions.
The Government of Mexico (GoM) acknowledges that climate change constitutes the primary global environmental challenge of this century and represents an opportunity to promote sustainable human development. In response, Mexico is committed to move away from its unsustainable trend of GHG emissions growth. To support this commitment, Mexico published the General Law for Climate Change in 2012.
Mexico commits to reduce up to 30% of its emissions by 2020 compared to its baseline scenario, and 50% of its emissions in 2020 by 2050; dependent on the provision of international support and participation in external markets. In addition, the General Law for Climate Change provides a goal of increasing up to 35% of energy generated from clean sources by 2024.
Sectors in the Mexican economy with high emissions growth by 2020 and 2030 respectively are: transport (39%-63%) power generation (49%-56%), industrial gases (30%-49%) and methane emissions from waste and agriculture (22%-33%).
Achieving the Target
Through the implementation of the first Special Program for Climate Change (PECC) between 2009 and 2012, Mexico committed public investments to implement mitigation actions, combined with complementary resources from CDM, to curb national emissions.
The definition of a new PECC 2013-2018 will enhance the scale of Mexico’s emissions reduction activity, address entire sectors of the economy and allow the development of a series of co-benefits like the development of national capacities and the promotion of large-scale NAMAs. The goal is to curb GHG and CCVC emissions towards the country’s vision for 10, 20, and 40 years as described in the National Strategy for Climate Change published in June 2013.
In 2007, Mexico published its first National Strategy for Climate Change and in 2008, the first Special Climate Change Program 2008-2012 (PECC) aimed to establish goals in mitigation and adaptation.
In June 2012, the General Climate Change Law (LGCC, 2012) was passed by the Mexican Congress. This is the first legislative mandate to transition towards a competitive, sustainable economy with low carbon emissions that generates environmental, social and economic benefits. Some of this infrastructure comprises the Mandatory Emissions Registry that is currently under development and will start operating in 2015; the voluntary carbon exchange platform launched in November 2013 and the National Climate Change Fund.
In January 2013, the Inter-Ministerial Climate Change Commission (CICC) was established to coordinate climate change policies at the federal level. In June 2013, the Government officially launched the National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC), a Mexican planning instrument to tackle climate change with a 10, 20, and 40 years vision; through three adaptation pathways, and five pathways for low emission development, supported by six policy pillars.
In April 2014, Mexico launched the 2013-2018 PECC. This policy planning instrument prioritizes GHG and CCVC mitigation actions to achieve low emission growth, where NAMAs and supporting infrastructure for current and future carbon markets play an important role.
In October 2014, regulation supporting the National Emissions Registry, comprised of data on the GHG emissions generated by stationary and mobile sources, became effective. Reporting establishments are legally required to provide information, data, and documents regarding their direct and indirect emissions. The threshold that will trigger a reporting requirement taking into account direct and indirect emissions, will be based on an annual sum, as long as the result is equal or higher than 25,000 metric tons of CO2e. The following sectors are required to report: i) energy, ii) transportation, iii) industrial, iv) agriculture and farming, v) waste, and vi) commerce and services.
All Documents & Presentations
|Mexico: Update on MRP Implementation (October 2013)||English||October 2013|
|Mexico: Draft Market Readiness Proposal Presentation||English||October 2012|
|Mexico: Country Update (March 2012)||English||March 2012|
|Mexico: Organizing Framework||English||May 2011|
|Mexico: Expression of Interest Letter||English||February 2011|
|Mexico: Expression of Interest (EoI)||English||February 2011|
|Mexico: Development on Emissions Trading for Power Sector||English||May 2014|
|Mexico: Overview of Carbon Tax||English||May 2014|
|Mexico: Integrating Carbon Tax with a Broader Climate Change Policy||English||May 2014|
|Mexico: Climate Change Law and Policies||English||April 2014|
|Mexico: General Law on Climate Change||English||October 2013|
|Mexico: Update on Policies (October 2013)||English||October 2013|
|Mexico: National Climate Change Strategy 2013 (Spanish)||English||June 2013|
|Mitigation and Transport Workshop: Mexico Experience with Crediting Mechanisms in Transport||English||March 2014|
|Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Mitigation from the Housing Sector||English||October 2011|
|Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Policy Context for Scaling Up Mitigation||English||October 2011|
|Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Crediting NAMAs||English||October 2011|
|Resolution PA5/2013-4: Allocation of the Implementation Phase Funding to Mexico||English||March 2013|
|Resolution ORG-3: Implementing Country Participants' Participation||English||April 2011|
|Mexico: Update on Joint Crediting Mechanism (November 2014)||English||November 2014|
|Mexico: Nexus of Energy Policy and Market Instruments (November 2014)||English||November 2014|
|Mexico: Towards a Climate Market||English||October 2014|
|Mexico: Gestion Climatica - Estrategias Instrumentos de Mitigation||English||March 2014|
|Mexico: Desarrollo Urbano, Adaptación y Mitigación||English||March 2014|
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