Mexico

Develop and implement crediting NAMAs for urban housing, urban transport, and refrigerators; and set up registry/tracking and MRV systems.

Country Information

Key Documents & Presentations

Market-based Approach

MRV for crediting NAMAs

SEMARNAT has been analyzing a MRV system for NAMAs, inventories, LEDS and financial support. The Federal Government of Mexico envisions a MRV system as a framework which ensures that all projects and programs, like those for emissions inventories and reductions, mitigation actions and REDD+, satisfy clear standards. The Inter-ministerial Commission on Climate Change (CICC) has taken the lead in this effort through pioneer activities such as the external evaluation of the PECC.

Registry/ Tracking tool

A registry system and tracking tool in Mexico will provide updated information about the voluntary GHG mitigation projects included or to be included in the different schemes in which Mexico may participate, such as VCS, CAR, CDM, bilateral schemes, NAMA and a new market mechanism under the UNFCCC, etc.

The PMR will support Mexico to:

  • Design an MRV framework and the institutional design of three crediting NAMAs; and
  • Development of a NAMA tracking tool to record transactions and emissions reductions—key for the prevention of double counting and to ensure transparent accountability.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico, February 2013

Offset and/or Other Emission Reduction Crediting Programs

Mexico envisions new market mechanisms, like crediting NAMAs, that will widen the scale of activities and participants, address entire sectors of the economy and allow the development of a series of co-benefits like the development of required national capacities.

Mexico prioritized three sectors in introducing crediting NAMAs: integrated urban mobility, domestic refrigerators, and urban NAMA.

  • Mexico aims to maximize the potential mitigation through the optimization of existing conventional public transport systems in urban centers of the Urban Transport Transformation Program (UTTP) and the Federal Mass Transit Program (PROTRAM).
  • The domestic refrigeration technology currently sold in Mexico is based on Hydro fluorocarbons refrigerants (HFC), with the predominant use of R134a (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane). This refrigerant has a significantly high Global Warming Potential (GWP=1300 units) and therefore its phase-out will contribute to climate change mitigation.
  • Mexico envisions that the deployment of sustainable urban communities will help achieve credited GHG emissions reductions.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico, February 2013

National Context

The Government of Mexico (GoM) acknowledges that climate change constitutes the primary global environmental challenge of this century and represents an opportunity to promote sustainable human development. In view of this, Mexico takes action to move away from an unsustainable trend of GHG emissions growth. In accordance with this, Mexico published a General Law for Climate Change in 2012.

Mexico has committed to reduce up to 30% of its emissions by 2020 compared to its baseline scenario, and 50% of its emissions in 2020 by 2050; dependent on the provision of international support and participation in external markets. In addition, the General Law for Climate Change provides a goal of increasing up to 35% of energy generated from clean sources by 2024. The sectors with high emissions growth by 2020 and 2030 respectively are: transport (39%-63%) power generation (49%-56%), industrial gases (30%-49%) and methane emissions from waste and agriculture (22%-33%).

Through the implementation of the first Special Program for Climate Change (PECC) between 2009 and 2012, Mexico committed public investments to implement mitigation actions, combined with complementary resources from CDM, to curb national emissions.

The definition of a new PECC 2013-2018 will enhance the scale of Mexico’s emissions reduction activity, address entire sectors of the economy and allow the development of a series of co-benefits like the development of national capacities and the promotion of large-scale NAMAs . This aims to gradually curb GHG and CCVC emissions towards the country’s vision for 10, 20 and 40 years as described in the National Strategy for Climate Change published in June 2013.

Sources: Semarnat; General Law for Climate Change and PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico, February 2013

In 2007, Mexico published its first National Strategy for Climate Change and in 2008, the first Special Climate Change Program 2008-2012 (PECC) aimed to establish goals in mitigation and adaptation.

In June 2012, the General Climate Change Law (LGCC, 2012) was passed by Mexican Congress. This is the first legislative mandate to transition towards a competitive, sustainable economy with low carbon emissions that generates environmental, social and economic benefits. Some of this infrastructure comprises the Mandatory Emissions Registry that is currently under development and will start operating in 2015; the voluntary carbon exchange platform launched in November 2013 and the National Climate Change Fund.

In January 2013, the Inter-Ministerial Climate Change Commission (CICC) was established to coordinate climate change policies at the federal level. In June 2013, the Government officially launched the National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC), a Mexican planning instrument to tackle climate change with a 10, 20 and 40 years vision; through three adaptation axes, and five axes for low emission development, supported by six policy pillars.

In November 2013, Mexico approved a carbon tax on fossil fuels that can be paid through CDM CERs. Regulation for its operation will be published in late December 2013.

In April 2014, Mexico launched the Special Climate Change Program 2014-2018 (PECC). The PECC is one of the policy planning instruments derived from the LGCC 2012 and prioritizes GHG and CCVC mitigation actions to achieve low emission growth, where NAMAs and supporting infrastructure for current and future carbon markets play an important role.

In October 2014, regulations in the area of the National Emissions Registry, comprised of data on the GHG emissions generated by stationary and mobile sources, became effective. Reporting establishments are legally required to provide information, data, and documents regarding their direct and indirect emissions. The threshold that will trigger a reporting requirement taking into account direct and indirect emissions, will be based on an annual sum, as long as the result is equal or higher than 25,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. Reporting establishment are comprised of the following sectors: i) energy, ii) transportation, iii)industrial, iv) agriculture and farming, v) waste, vi) commerce and services. 

Sources: Semarnat; General Law for Climate Change, PECC 2014-2018, and PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico, February 2013

Focal Point

The organizational structure for implementing NAMAs is led by the CICC, implemented by DPGCC-SEMARNAT and coordinated by a CE. The CICC has strategic support from the National Conference of Governors (CONAGO), a high level organization that encompasses the 31 states Governors and the Chief of Government of the Federal District. And the SEMARNAT serves as a focal point with the PMR Secretariat.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico, February 2013

News

The President of Mexico presents the National Climate Change Strategy as the governing instrument of Mexico’s national policy for a low carbon economy over the next 40 years.

All Documents & Presentations

Country Work
Document Language Date
Mexico: Update on MRP Implementation (October 2013) English October 2013
Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) English March 2013
Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Urban NAMA) English March 2013
Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Transport NAMA) English March 2013
Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal Appendix (Regfrigeration NAMA) English March 2013
Mexico: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) Presentation English March 2013
Mexico: Draft Market Readiness Proposal Presentation English October 2012
Mexico: Country Update (March 2012) English March 2012
Mexico: Organizing Framework English May 2011
Mexico: Expression of Interest Letter English
Mexico: Expression of Interest (EoI) English
Policy Work
Document Language Date
Mexico: INDC 2020-2030 English June 2015
Mexico: Overview of Carbon Tax English May 2014
Mexico: Update on Policies (October 2013) English October 2013
Mexico: General Law on Climate Change English
Mexico: Climate Change Law and Policies English
Mexico: Integrating Carbon Tax with a Broader Climate Change Policy English
Resolutions
Document Language Date
Resolution PA5/2013-4: Allocation of the Implementation Phase Funding to Mexico English March 2013
Resolution ORG-3: Implementing Country Participants' Participation English April 2011
Other Materials
Document Language Date
Mexico: Update on Joint Crediting Mechanism (November 2014) English November 2014
Mexico: Nexus of Energy Policy and Market Instruments (November 2014) English November 2014
Mexico:Towards a Climate Market English
Mexico: Gestion Climatica - Estrategias Instrumentos de Mitigation English
Mexico: National Climate Change Strategy 2013 (Spanish) English
Document Language Date
Mexico: Desarrollo Urbano, Adaptación y Mitigación English
Mexico: Development on Emissions Trading for Power Sector English
Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Crediting NAMAs English
Mitigation and Transport Workshop: Mexico Experience with Crediting Mechanisms in Transport English
Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Mitigation from the Housing Sector English
Crediting Mechanisms Workshop: Mexico Policy Context for Scaling Up Mitigation English

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