Turkey

Pilot full MRV cycle in a number of sectors to support implementation of the mandatory government program on MRV; and lay out design options and road map toward implementation of an ETS.

Country Information

Key Documents & Presentations

Market-based Approach

Specifically, Turkey seeks the PMR’s help in realizing its vision for market-based mechanisms to mitigate GHG. The following steps are envisioned for collaboration:

  1. Develop Turkey’s NAMA portfolio
  2. Identify key sectors and GHG reduction potential in sectors
  3. Develop legal, technical and institutional arrangements necessary for the development of a national emission trading system (various options for cap & trade (i.e. voluntary but legally binding; sectoral crediting, etc)
  4. Raise awareness about carbon markets in Turkey
  5. Carry out baseline studies at the sectoral level to enhance sectoral capacities for the implementation of market based approaches

The PMR will support:

  • Design of key aspects of an installation-level MRV system to be implemented in Turkey’s energy and industry sectors and explore other sectors to which the system can be expanded;
  • Design of a GHG data management and registry system to monitor GHG inventories; and
  • The layout a possible road map for the implementation of a domestic ETS.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

Emissions Trading

The country has planned an Emissions Trading Scheme by incorporating the Environment Chapter – Emission Trading Directive (2003/87/EC) into Turkish Law. Turkey adopted the new regulatory framework on "Monitoring of GHG Emissions" in 2012 and monitoring is expected to start in 2015.

Sources: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013; International Carbon Action Partnership

Carbon Tax

Due of Turkey’s limited experience with market-based instruments, the country is considering non-market based measures. For example, taxation is being considered for the transportation sector to limit GHG emissions from motor vehicles or supporting cabotage transportation.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

Offset and/or Other Emission Reduction Crediting Programs

218 Voluntary Market Projects are currently being developed and/or implemented in Turkey.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

Other Activities to Support the Development of Market-based Mechanisms

NAMAs

Turkey intends to implement Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) to limit the GHG emissions and the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization has planned a number of capacity building activities to assist other governmental agencies’ ability to identify potential NAMAs.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

National Context

Turkey is committed to integrating climate change objectives into its development policies and to contribute to global efforts against climate change within its own capabilities and in line with the UNFCCC principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities.”

Turkey’s collaboration with the PMR will supplement its ongoing domestic GHG mitigation policies that include promoting energy efficiency, increasing the share of renewable and clean energy and developing a voluntary emission market. The country has limited experience with carbon markets and has therefore proposed a number of PMR activities to mitigate climate change.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

The National Climate Change Strategy Document contains the country’s vision and mitigation objectives. The country’s objectives are outlined in the National Climate Change Action Plan for mitigation and adaptation, but does not specify any nationwide or sector specific emission reduction targets or cost estimates. In April 2012, Turkey passed national legislation requiring energy and industry sector installations to report GHG emissions.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

Focal Point

Climate Change activities are coordinated by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization under the Coordination Board on Climate Change (CBCC) - the main policy making body on climate change-related issues in Turkey. It includes representatives from the following entities:

  • Ministry of Environment and Urbanization
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Transportation Maritime Affairs and Communication
  • Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock
  • Ministry of Science Industry and Technology
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Development
  • Ministry of Health
  • Undersecretariat of State Planning Organization
  • Undersecretariat of Treasury
  • Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey
  • Turkish Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association

Additionally, technical working groups have been established under the CBCC to provide technical feedback on the policy-making process for carbon markets in Turkey/prepare national studies and policies based on their area of specialty.

Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of Turkey, May 2013

News

The government and private sector of Turkey collaborate with the EBRD, World Bank and International Finance Corporation to boost investments in clean energy in the country.

More news from the Climate Change Department, Ministry of Environment and Urbanization is available here

All Documents & Presentations

Other documents

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