Chile

Country Information

Important Dates

MRP first draft submission: 
October 2012
Allocation of Implementation Funding: 
March 2013

Key Documents & Presentations

Most Recent
Document Language Date
Chile PMR Project Implementation Status Report Presentation English June 2015
Chile: INDC on Climate Change English June 2015
Market Readiness Proposal
Document Language Date
Chile: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) English March 2013
Chile: Final Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) Presentation English March 2013

Market-based Approach

Fact

Chile plans to enact a nation-wide carbon tax by 2017.

Chile presented a final MRP to the PA in March 2013. At the time, the country planned to use PMR funding to, in part, design a pilot ETS for its energy sector. In September of 2014, the Chilean goverment passed legislation calling for the implementation of a carbon tax. As such, Chile has broadened the scope of its MRP to focus on "carbon pricing instruments" and not specifically emissions trading. Therefore, the desired outcomes of the MRP are as follows:

  • Build understanding and technical and institutional capacities across all stakeholders for the design and implementation of carbon pricing instruments and their MRV systems. This includes the simulation and evaluation of the impacts of carbon pricing instruments by the use of economic modeling tools and other evaluation instruments;
  • Support development of the infrastructure needed to implement the carbon tax (MRV, Registry) and provide inputs to further discuss other carbon pricing instruments (i.e., an ETS) or the introduction of incentives (such as offsets) in the future , as well looking into specific aspects of mechanisms to deal with uncertainties and carbon price volatility;
  • Draft a regulatory decree that regulates the reduction of greenhouse gases, in a phased implementation approach that builds up from a sectoral level to—eventually—the entire economy; and
  • Study complementary instruments (i.e., energy efficiency and renewable energy certificates, innovative finance, offsetting system) to fit with the proposed ETS to enhance its effectiveness.

A coordination team to implement these outcomes was established in May 2015.

National Context

Mitigation Target

By 2020 Chile pledges to reduce emission by 20% below its business-as-usual emissions growth trajectory (with international support) in an effort to support its low carbon development goals. Focus is on achieving mitigation through energy efficiency and promoting renewable energy development, as well as land use change and forestry measures.

The Chilean energy sector accounts for 73% of the country’s non-LULUCF (land use, land-use changes and forestry) emissions Between 2000 and 2006, emissions from this sector grew the fastest increasing 13%. In 2006, electricity production (36%); mining, manufacturing, and industry (23%); and transportation (29%) made up most of the country’s energy emissions. The LULUCF sector represents a negative carbon balance nearing equal to about 25% of the country's emissions profile.

Regulatory Context

Chile established the National Advisory Committee on the Global Climate in 1996. The Committee played a key role in the preparation of the National Climate Change Strategy, followed by the National Climate Change Action Plan.

Bringing together representatives from Foreign Affairs, Finance, Economy, Public Works, Agriculture, Mining, Transportation and Telecommunications, Energy, and Environment ministries, the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change was created in 2009 and the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, the Superintendent for the Environment, and the Council of Ministers for Sustainability followed in 2010.

In 2013, Chile commenced long-term mitigation scenario planning, known as Mitigation Action Plans & Scenarios or MAPS. MAPS projects national level GHG emissions for a business-as-usual scenario as well as several other mitigation scenarios that depend on various actions. Target years include 2020, 2030, and 2050. PMR coordinates with work done on MAPS.

In September 2014, carbon tax legislation became law as part of a broader tax reform efforts. The tax will enter into force in 2017 and the first year of tax liability will be 2018.

Focal Point

The Ministry of Energy coordinates GHG mitigation policies and is the focal point for PMR. The PMR Steering Committee was established in March 2012 and formed by the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Economy, Agriculture, Mining, Transport & Telecommunications, Energy and Environment.

All Documents & Presentations

Disclaimer: The World Bank does not guarantee the comprehensiveness and accuracy of the data and information included in the Market Readiness Proposal (MRP) and in presentations submitted by PMR participants. Further, the World Bank accepts no responsibility whatsoever for any consequence of their use. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in the MRPs or on this website do not imply on the part of the World Bank any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.