Chile

Country Information

Important Dates

MRP first draft submission: 
Oct, 2012
Allocation of Implementation Funding: 
Mar, 2013

Key Documents & Presentations

Market-based Approach

Fact

Chile plans to enact a nation-wide carbon tax by 2017.

The PMR will support:

  • Preparation for a political decision on the potential implementation of an ETS within the energy sector;
  • Capacity-building for regulatory, economic, and institutional analyses needed to design the energy sector ETS;
  • Design and implementation of a MRV and GHG registry systems; and
  • Stakeholder engagement.

National Context

Chile recognizes the important role that market-based instruments can play in limiting the growth of carbon emissions. The Chilean energy sector accounts for 73% of the country’s non-LULUCF (land use, land-use changes and forestry) emissions and showed the highest growth of emissions by 13% between 2000 and 2006. In 2006, electricity production (36%); mining, manufacture and industry (23%); and transportation (29%) make up most of the country’s energy emissions. The LULUCF sector represents a negative carbon balance nearing 25% of the non-LULUCF sectors.

By 2020 Chile pledges to reduce emission by 20% below its business-as-usual emissions growth trajectory (with international support) in an effort to support its low carbon development goals. Focus is on achieving energy efficiency and promoting renewable energy development, as well as land use change and forestry measures.

In 2013, Chile commenced long-term mitigation scenario planning, known as Mitigation Action Plans & Scenarios or MAPS. MAPS projects national level GHG emissions for a business-as-usual scenario as well as several other mitigation scenarios that depend on various actions. Target years include 2020, 2030, and 2050. PMR coordinates with work done on MAPS.

Chile established the National Advisory Committee on the Global Climate in 1996. The Committee played a key role in the preparation of the National Climate Change Strategy, followed by the National Climate Change Action Plan.

In 2009, the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change was created; it is comprised of representatives from Foreign Affairs, Finance, Economy, Public Works, Agriculture, Mining, Transportation and Telecommunications, Energy, and Environment ministries.

In 2010, Chile created the Ministry of the Environment, the Environmental Evaluation Service, the Superintendent for the Environment, and the Council of Ministers for Sustainability.

Focal Point

The Ministry of Energy coordinates GHG mitigation policies and is the focal point for PMR. The PMR Steering Committee was established in March 2012 and formed by the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Finance, Economy, Agriculture, Mining, Transport & Telecommunications, Energy and Environment.

All Documents & Presentations

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