The Costa Rican Office for Joint Implementation (OCIC) was established in April 1996, with the authority to formulate the Joint Implementation (JI) policy and evaluate and approve projects, reporting to the Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE). The office established project approval criteria and assisted in the development of more than 15 project proposals, many internationally noted as among the best designed of the first generation of similar attempts. In the late 90s, the OCIC strategy became one of exclusively promoting three national-scale projects focusing on 1) park consolidation (Protected Areas Project-PAP), 2) natural forest management by private landowners (Private Forestry Project-PFP), and 3) renewable energy. The Protected Areas Project and the Private Forestry Project included long-term monitoring of carbon benefits.
The Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE) is in charge of implementing the Strategy at the national level, mainly through its Directorate of Climate Change (DCC). The DCC was mandated by Decree No. 35669-MINAET, January 6, 2010. The Decree establishes the context for policy-making within the National Climate Change Program, explicitly through the creation of new capacities and the integration of a platform for knowledge exchange in climate change mitigation and adaptation. The DCC is finalizing NCCS´s Action Plan, which is envisioned as a reference point for policy design and implementation, while strengthening education and public awareness processes.
Other entities directly related to implementation of the country’s climate change agenda are the Costa Rican Office for Joint Implementation (OCIC) which was established in April 1996, National Forestry Financing Fund (FONAFIFO), the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC), the Office for Environmental Quality Management (DIGECA) and the National Environmental Technical Secretariat.
Source: PMR Market Readiness Proposal submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Energy of Costa Rica, February 2013